Nuclear testing at Bikini Atoll consisted of the detonation of 23 nuclear weapons by the United States between and on Bikini Atoll in the Marshall Islands. Tests occurred at 7 test sites on the reef itself, on the sea, in the air, and underwater. The United States was engaged in a Cold War nuclear arms race with the Soviet Union to build more advanced bombs from until The second, Baker , was suspended under a barge. It produced a large Wilson cloud and contaminated all of the target ships.
Nuclear testing at Bikini Atoll
(The) Bikini: EmBodying the Bomb | Genders | University of Colorado Boulder
From until , the military detonated sixty-seven nuclear bombs over the region's Bikini and Enewetak Atolls. The twelfth bomb, called Bravo , became the world's first nuclear disaster. It sent a toxic cloud of radiation over Rongelap Atoll and other nearby inhabited islands. The testing was intended to advance scientific knowledge about nuclear bombs and radiation, but it had much more far-reaching effects. Some of the islanders suffered burns, cancers, birth defects, and other medical tragedies as a result of radiation poisoning. Many of the Marshallese were resettled on other Pacific islands or in the United States. They and their descendants cannot yet return to Bikini, which remains contaminated by radiation.
US atomic waste dump in Marshall Islands to be investigated
It sent a cloud of radioactive fallout across the Marshall Islands, especially impacting the northern atolls of Rongelap, Utirik, Rongerik and Ailinginae. People were playing with the fallout as it fell from the sky. We put it in our hair as if it was soap or shampoo.
The apparent hydrogen bomb that North Korea is believed to have detonated underground on Sunday was a massive explosion. Some estimates put it at kilotons, which would be five times more powerful than Fat Man, the bomb dropped on Nagasaki by the US in and which killed 70, people instantly. But it still pales in comparison to the largest man-made explosion ever on Earth - the Soviet Union's Tsar Bomba - King of Bombs - detonated in in the height of the nuclear arms race.